Commonwealth of Australia and short is Australia.
Location: Oceania, a continent between the Indian
Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
Flag of Australia: Blue with the British Flag on the
top left side and on the bottom left the white Star of
Federation and on the right side the five white stars of the
Government type: Democratic, system recognizes the British
Queen as sovereign.
Population: over 20 million.
Language: English over 79 %, Chinese over 2 %,
Italian over 1 % and the rest percentage unspecified.
States: Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia, South
Australia, Queensland, New South Wales.
Territory: Northern Territory and Australian Capital
Independence Day: 1 January 1901.
National holiday: 26 January, Australia Day.
Currency: Australian Dollar.
Main Airports: Sydney Airport in New South Wales,
Perth Airport in Western Australia, Adelaide Airport in
South Australia, Canberra Airport in Australian Capital
Territory, Melbourne Airport in Victoria, Hobart Airport,
Cairns Airport, Townsville Airport and Brisbane Airport in
Queensland, Darwin Airport.
Documents: A valid passport and a visa. Driving is
allowed with an International Driving license.
How to get in Australia: The most usual way to get to
Australia is air.
When to go to Australia: Australia is a land that can
be visited all year round. Summer is from December to
February, winter season is from June to August, spring
season is from September to November and autumn season is
from March to May.
Electricity: 240/250volt Ac 50 Hz. Hotels provides
also 110 volt outlets too.
Business: Office hours are from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.,
Monday to Friday. Post Office is open Monday to Friday from
9 a.m. to 5 p.m., but most of time stamps are also available
at hotel desks.
What to wear: During summer it is warm to hot almost
everywhere, casual clothes will be good, sunglasses, a
sunhat, and of course swimsuit. During winter inland can be
quite cold, southern Australia is cool, some light woollens
and raincoat will be enough, and northern Australia can have
Credit Card and Travellers Cheques: The most accepted
cards in Australia are Bankcard, American Express,
MasterCard, Visa, Dinners Club, and Carte Blanche.
Travellers can be easily changed in banks and hotels. It is
therefore recommended to have Australian Dollars Cheques.
Banks: In most states Banks are open from Monday to
Thursday from 9.30 a.m. to 4 p.m. and Friday from 9.30 to 5
p.m. Some states offer Banks facilities on Saturday morning.
Accommodation: Australia offers a large choice of
luxury hotels, comfortable hotels, motels, bungalows,
apartments, self-catering. Depending of your budget you can
choose the best accommodation for you. Most hotels offer a
lot of facilities as TV, telephone, refrigerator, internet.
In most cities and towns, there is also a large choice of
Health: Hygiene standard is very high in Australia.
It is safe to drink tap water any city. Hospitals are well
equipped and doctors are well trained.