Australia Migration

 

 

 

 

 

 

Australia Migration

 

 

Migration Australia

Australia has always been a migration destination for people from other continents. During the later part of the Pleistocene epoch (about 42,000 years ago), the Aborigines from the Malay Peninsula (Southeast Asia) started migrating to the then very lush continent. Theories have it that those first migrants used footbridges, which connected Australia to the Asian peninsula. It was also believed that during those times, the continental coastline was further out into the nearby Timor Sea. In history, transported criminals from Great Britain were considered the basis of initial migration to Europe. For several years beginning 1788, it was estimated that there were about 160,000 convicts who were shipped to New South Wales, which then was made into a British penal colony.

 

 

In the 1790s, free immigration also started. In the 1820s, the rise of the wool industry established very high demand for labor, prompting an increase in migration of free laborers and people, also from Britain.

 

Australia Migration

Industrialization and social upheavals in Britain also pushed many British migrants to settle to Australia and escape massive unemployment and poverty in their homeland. During 1851 to 1860, the Gold Rush era came, bolstering migration rates to about 50,000 people annually.

It was during this period that Chinese immigrants started dominating the volume, aside from the British migrants. Through the years, Australia has been an open destination to various migrants, from all walks of life and all status. The most significant growth in migration came post the World War era. It is estimated that since 1945, there have been about 6.8 million migrants who came to Australia to settle down.

 

The large-scale migration program after World War II was the most significant, as it was able to transport millions of people from Europe, where jobs at the time were slashed and many people displaced from their homes. Incidentally, Australia then was in desperation due to labor shortage. The country also believed that a substantial growth in population was important in shaping and paving the country’s industrial future.

In 1947, Australia entered into agreements with Great Britain, the International Refuge Organization and several other European nations to further encourage migrants to transfer to and live in Australia for good. By 1950, about 200,000 migrants from Europe arrived in the country. The four decades that followed saw migration volumes reaching millions. It is not surprising that currently, about one in every four of 21 million Australian migrants is not born in the country. New Zealand, the UK and Asia remain the top source countries of migrants.

Australians also acknowledge the significant contribution of migrants to the Australian society, prosperity and culture. Today, the country is still luring more skilled workers and migrants from all over the world to come in and contribute to the nation’s further development and growth.
 

 

 

Copyrights for all pictures on this site, it is and remains the property of www.travel-australia.org

Australia Travel
   2006 - 2011 www.travel-australia.org