Australia Deserts







Australia Deserts



Deserts in Australia

Australia is mostly made up of vast semi-arid or desert lands, especially on its north-western and central part and occupies around 18% of the continent.

If going to be put altogether, the desert land reaches an approximately 529,000 square miles or 1,371,000 square kilometers.

The three most well-known deserts of Australia are the Great Victoria Desert, the Gibson Desert and the Simpson Desert.
The Great Victoria Desert in the Southern part of Australia was named after Queen Victoria when Ernest Giles became the first European to cross the desert in 1875.

By far the largest desert in the country,



Great Victoria spans an area of around 163,900 square miles or 424,400 square kilometers. This desert ecoregion is so arid and barren that makes farming activity very limited.

During summer, the hottest season temperature ranges from 90 to 104 degree Fahrenheit or 32 to 40 degree Celsius.

The desert temperature falls as low as 64 to 75 degrees in Fahrenheit or 18 to 23 degrees in Celsius during the winter.

Australia Deserts

The desert also has little rainfall with just an average of only around 8 to 10 inches or 200 to 250 mm every year.


Although thinly populated, inhabitants of this desert vary from Kogara, to Mirning to Indigenous Australians.

Another one of the largest desert in Australia is The Simpson Desert, spanning around 776,500 square kilometers of Central Australia.

It has an average rainfall of less than 200 mm per year.


The desert was named after the Australian philanthropist Alfred Allen Simpson, who’s also a geographer and served as the president of the Royal Geographical Society of South Australia.


The first European to have seen the desert was Charles Stuart Hutton around 1844 to 1846. However, the first white person to actually cross the desert was Ted Colson in 1936.

The Simpson Desert can be very, very hot during the summer so it was decided to have it closed on the summer of 2008 to 2009 to prevent inexperienced drivers from accessing the land.

Meanwhile, the Gibson Desert spans around 60,000 square miles or approximately 155,000 square kilometers of Western Australia.


It is considered the fifth largest desert in the country coming after the Great Victoria, the Simpson, The Great Sandy and the Tanami deserts.


The almost untouched desert lies between Macdonald and Disappointment lakes. It has wide areas of dune fields, rocky ridges and undulating sand plains.

Other Australian Deserts include, Little Sandy Desert, Nullarbor Plain, Strzelecki Desert, Tanami Desert, and Tirari Desert.

Deserts in Australia




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