Australia, the smallest
continent in the world, has a very interesting
variety of climates because of its location.
Sandwiched between the Indian and the Pacific
oceans, Australia’s climate varies from desert or
semi-arid to tropical rainforest, to grassland
Based on the Koppen Classfication, Australia’s
climate is classified into the following:
Equatorial, Tropical, Subtropical, Desert,
Grassland, and Temperate.
Generally speaking though, Australia has a temperate
climate, specially the Southeastern region, spanning
from South Australia to New South Wales.
This temperate zone climate is also
described as an oceanic climate, or marine west
coast climate. In this zone, people enjoy mild
winters and bright warm summers with an average of
3,000 hours of sunlight every year.
It’s the best
place to be if you are the kind who can’t stand
Just nice and cool winters from June to August at an
average of 13 degrees Celsius or 56 degrees
And enjoys fun and warm summers from
December to March at an average of 29 degrees
Celsius or 84 degrees Fahrenheit.
This zone also
experiences rainfall, which is evenly distributed
between winter and summer. In the vast deserts of
Australia though, expectedly the climate is
Also called steppe climate, semi-arid are
those climatic regions, which experience low yearly
In Australia’s case, average
annual rainfall ranges from 8 to 10 inches each
year. However, the region also experiences thunderstorms with an approximate of 15-20
thunderstorms every year.
During winter, temperature in
these arid deserts can fall as low as 18 degree Celsius or
64 degree Fahrenheit. And you could just imagine the rest.
In some Australian territories, however, climate can be
harsh at times.
Like the Australian Capital
Territory, which has all four seasons, can have
extreme winters and summers at times. Fogs and
frosts are a normal occurrence in this zone,
especially in Canberra.
In the Northern Territory, though, there are only
two distinct climates—the tropical climate in the
Northern end and the desert or semi-arid climate, in
the Central Region.
The tropical climate brings
only two seasons—the wet and dry seasons. The wet
season, which comes in November and lasts until
April, brings monsoon rains, tropical cyclones and
even thunderstorms but never a frost.
During dry season on the other hand,
which occurs from May to October, humidity is averaged at
30%. It is almost always bright and sunny during this
Another relatively temperate region in Australia is the
Southwest coastal area. Being an agricultural region, it
enjoys a perfectly temperate weather with annual rainfall
averaging at 700 mm. However, it can also experience very
dry months from November to March.
Generally speaking, the climate in Australia is very nice
and ideal for all types of people. Especially for the
outgoing type of individuals who enjoy outdoor activities.